Banish wisdom, discard knowledge,
And the people will be benefited a hundredfold.
Banish human kindness, discard morality,
And the people will be dutiful and compassionate.
Banish skill, discard profit,
And thieves and robbers will disappear.
compassionate：feeling or showing sympathy and concern for others. 慈
If when these three things are done they find life too plain and unadorned,
Then let them have accessories;
Give them Simplicity to look at, the Uncarved Black to hold,
Give them selflessness and fewness of desires.
Banish learning, and there will be no more grieving.
Between wei and o
What after all is the difference?
Can it be compared to the difference between good and bad?
The saying “what others avoid I too must avoid”
How false and superficial it is?
superficial：existing or occurring at or on the surface. 浮于表面。以之译
All men, indeed, are wreathed in smiles,
As though feasting after the Great Sacrifice,
As though going up to the Spring Carnival.
I alone am inert, like a child that has not yet given sign;
Like an infant that has not yet smiled.
I droop and drift, as though I belonged nowhere.
All men have enough and to spare;
I alone seem to have lost everything.
Mine is indeed the mind of a very idiot,
So dull am I.
The world is full of people that shine;
I alone am dark.
They look lively and self-assured;
I alone depressed.
inert：lacking the ability or strength to move. 以之译
Like an infant that has not yet smiled. 这个是曲解了。
droop and drift 下垂漂移
lively and self-assured：活泼自信，以之译
All men can be put to some use;
I alone am intractable and boorish.
But wherein I most am different from men
Is that I prize no sustenance that comes not from the Mother’s breast.
intractable：hard to control or deal with. 顽 boorish: rough and bad-mannered; coarse.鄙 sustenance:营养
Such the scope of the All-pervading Power.
That it alone can act through the Way.
For the Way is a thing impalpable, incommensurable.
Yet latent in it are forms;
Yet within it are entities.
Shadowy it is and dim;
Yet within it there is a force,
Is none the less efficacious.
All-pervading：having an effect on everything or throughout something. 无所不在
impalpable： unable to be felt by touch.
incommensurable：not able to be judged by the same standard as something; having no common standard of measurement.
latent：(of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden; concealed. 隐。以之形容
entity：a thing with distinct and independent existence. 实物
Shadowy dim 影 暗淡，以之译
force：strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or movement.以之译
efficacious：(typically of something inanimate or abstract) successful in producing a desired or intended result; effective. 灵
From the times of old till now
Its charge has not departed
But cheers onward the many warriors.
How do I know that the many warriors are so?
warriors： (especially in former times) a brave or experienced soldier or fighter. 用士来译